Vocabulary in Paper 5

aggravate (agr-vat) v. tr. ag-gra-vat-ed, ag-gra-vat-ing, ag-gra-vates. 1. To make worse or more troublesome. 2. To rouse to exasperation or anger; provoke, annoy. [Latin aggravare, aggravat- : ad-, ad- + gravare, to burden (from gravis, heavy.)] --ag'gra-vat'ing-ly adv. --ag'gra-va'tive adj. --ag'gra-va'tor n. USAGE NOTES: It is sometimes claimed that aggravate should be used only to mean "to make worse" and not "to irritate." Based on this view it would be appropriate to say The endless wait for luggage aggravates the misery of modern air travel, but not It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most. But the latter use dates back as far as the 17th century. As H.W. Fowler wrote, "the extension from aggravating a person's temper to aggravating the person himself is slight and natural, and when we are told that Wackford Squeers [in Dickens's Nicholas Nickleby] pinched the boys in aggravating places we may reasonably infer that his choice of places aggravated both the pinches and the boys." To increase the intensity or severity of. v. build up, deepen, heighten, magnify, mount, step up, swell, amplify, augment, escalate, fan, boost, aggravate, exacerbate, heat up, hot up, sharpen. Antonyms: decrease, reduce, diminish, lessen.

antecedent n. 1. ancestor, ascendant, ascendent, antecedent, root – (someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent) 2. – (a preceding occurrence or cause or event) 3. antecedent, forerunner – (anything that precedes something similar in time; "phrenology was an antecedent of modern neuroscience") Presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability. Syn: Prior; previous; foregoing; a precursor.

antecedent causation = antecedent + causation 1 a : the act or process of causing b: the act or agency that produces an effect 2: the relation between cause and effect esp. as an element to be proven in a tort or criminal case: must be “legal” causation between the acts and the results.

anthropomorphism n. the representation of objects (especially a god) as having human form or traits

aspire v. 1. To have a great ambition or ultimate goal; desire strongly: aspired to stardom. 2. To strive toward an end: aspiring to great knowledge. 3. To soar. 1. To desire with eagerness; to seek to attain something high or great; to pant; to long; to aspire after immorality.

assenting v. (agreeing with or consenting to)

betrothed (bi-trothd', -trotht') adj. Engaged to be married. n. A person to whom one is engaged to be married. A person to whom one is engaged to be married : betrothed, affianced, bride-to-be, fiance, fiancee, husband-to-be, intended. Pledged to marry. adj. betrothed, affianced, engaged, pledged, plighted, promised. Antonyms: single, unengaged, unbetrothed. Committed to a person. adj. betrothed, pledged, faithful, engaged, wedded. Antonyms: unfaithful, uninvolved.

bona fide adj. 1. bona fide – (undertaken in good faith; "a bona fide offer") 2. authentic, bona fide, unquestionable, veritable – (not counterfeit or copied; "an authentic signature"; "a bona fide manuscript"; "an unquestionable antique"; "photographs taken in a veritable bull ring") (See foreign words in the Urantia papers)

closure (klozhr) n. 1. The act of closing or the state of being closed: closure of an incision. 2. Something that closes or shuts. 3. A bringing to an end; a conclusion: finally brought the project to closure. 4. See cloture. 5. The property of being mathematically closed. v. tr. clo-sured, clo-sur-ing, clo-sures. To cloture (a debate). [Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin clausura, fortress, lock, from clausus, enclosed; translation of French cloture.] An act or instance of concluding or finishing : stoppage, stop, closure, close, closing, conclusion, end, ending, ceasing, cessation, finish, termination, discontinuation, discontinuance, adjournment, wind-up, winding up, winding down, wrap-up. Antonyms: beginning, start, commencement, inauguration.

coerced v. 1. To force to act or think in a certain way by use of pressure, threats, or intimidation; compel. 2. To dominate, restrain, or control forcibly: coerced the strikers into compliance. 3. To bring about by force or threat: efforts to coerce agreement.

communion n. sharing – (sharing thoughts and feelings) (intercourse between two or more persons; esp., intimate association and intercourse implying sympathy and confidence; interchange of thoughts, purposes, etc.; agreement; fellowship; as, the communion of saints) We are naturally induced to seek communion and fellowship with others. – Hooker. In Bible: (fellowship with God) (Gen. 18:17-33; Ex. 33:9-11; Num. 12:7, 8), between Christ and his people (John 14:23), by the Spirit (2 Cor. 13:14; Phil. 2:1), of believers with one another (Eph. 4:1-6). The Lord's Supper is so called (1 Cor. 10:16, 17), because in it there is fellowship between Christ and his disciples, and of the disciples with one another.

composite adj. a structure or an entity made up of distinct components; compound. A complex material, such as wood or fiberglass, in which two or more distinct, structurally complementary substances, especially metals, ceramics, glasses, and polymers, combine to produce structural or functional properties not present in any individual component.

comprehend v.tr. com-pre-hend-ed, com-pre-hend-ing, com-pre-hends. 1. To take in the meaning, nature, or importance of; grasp. Apprehend. 2. To take in as a part; include. [Middle English comprehenden, from Latin comprehendere : com-, com- + prehendere, to grasp.] --com'pre-hend'i-ble adj. --com'pre-hend'ing-ly adv. To perceive and recognize the meaning of. v. understand, grasp, discern, apprehend, see, comprehend, appreciate, absorb, digest, fathom, figure out, apperceive, follow, catch, know, realize, get, get the drift of, take in, catch on, compass, make out, read, cognize, ken. Antonyms: miss the point, misunderstand.

consecration n. (a solemn commitment of your life or your time to some cherished purpose (to a service or a goal); "his consecration to study") consecration – ((religion) sanctification of something by setting it apart (usually with religious rites) as dedicated to God; "the Cardinal attended the consecration of the church"

curtailment n. 1: the temporal property of being cut short; the act or result of curtailing or cutting off. curtail v. To cut short or reduce.

deprivation n. 1. privation, want, deprivation – (a state of extreme poverty) 2. loss, deprivation – (the disadvantage that results from losing something; "his loss of credibility led to his resignation"; "losing him is no great deprivation") 3. privation, deprivation – (act of depriving someone of food or money or rights; "nutritional privation"; "deprivation of civil rights")

differential n. (a quality that differentiates between similar things) differential gear, differential – (a bevel gear that permits rotation of two shafts at different speeds; used on the rear axle of automobiles to allow wheels to rotate at different speeds on curves)

discern v. recognize, recognise, distinguish, pick out, make out, tell apart – (detect with the senses; "The fleeing convicts were picked out of the darkness by the watchful prison guards"; "I can't make out the faces in this photograph")

endowment n. A natural gift, ability, or quality. (natural qualities or talents) 2. endowment, endowment fund – (the capital that provides income for an institution) 3. endowment – (the act of endowing with a permanent source of income; "his generous endowment of the laboratory came just in the nick of time")

ethical n. 1. ethical – (of or relating to the philosophical study of ethics; "ethical codes"; "ethical theories") 2. ethical (vs. unethical) – (conforming to accepted standards of social or professional behavior; "an ethical lawyer"; "ethical medical practice"; "an ethical problem"; "had no ethical objection to drinking"; "Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants"- Omar N. Bradley) 3. ethical, honorable, moral – (adhering to ethical and moral principles; "it seems ethical and right"; "followed the only honorable course of action"; "had the moral courage to stand alone")

eventuate v : come out in the end; to come out finally or in conclusion; to result; to come to pass. To result ultimately.

exaltation n. 1. ecstasy, rapture, transport – (a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion; "listening to sweet music in a perfect rapture"- Charles Dickens) 2. exaltation – (the location of a planet in the zodiac at which it is believed to exert its maximum influence) 3. exaltation – (a flock of larks (especially a flock of larks in flight overhead) 4. deification, exaltation, apotheosis – (the elevation of a person (as to the status of a god)

existent (ig-zistnt) adj. 1. Having life or being; existing. Real. 2. Occurring or present at the moment; current.n. One that exists. Having existence or life. adj. alive, existent, extant, living. Antonyms: dead, extinct.

existence (ig-zistns) n. 1. The fact or state of existing; being. 2. The fact or state of continued being; life: our brief existence on earth. 3. All that exists: sang the beauty of all existence. A thing that exists; an entity. 4. A mode or manner of existing: scratched out a meager existence. 5. Specific presence; occurrence: The Geiger counter indicated the existence of radioactivity. SYNONYM: existence, actuality, being. The central meaning shared by these nouns is "the fact or state of existing": laws in existence for centuries; a fantasy that progressed from possibility to actuality; a point of view gradually coming into being. ANTONYM: nonexistence. The state or fact of having reality : existence, actuality, being, reality, materiality, tangibility, presence. Antonyms: nonexistence. The totality of all existing things : universe, cosmos, creation, existence, life, macrocosm, nature, world. The period during which someone or something exists : lifetime, duration, existence, term, span, extent, period.

existential (egzi-stenshl, eksi-) adj. 1. Of, relating to, or dealing with existence. 2. Based on experience; empirical. 3. Of or as conceived by existentialism or existentialists: an existential moment of choice. --ex'is-ten'tial-ly adv. Based on fact, observation, or experience. adj. empirical, existential, factual, observable, experiential, real.
existential adj. 1. experiential vs. existential – (derived from experience or the experience of existence; "the rich experiential content of the teachings of the older philosophers"- Benjamin Farrington; "formal logicians are not concerned with existential matters"- John Dewey) 2. existential – (of or as conceived by existentialism; "an existential moment of choice") 3. existential – (relating to or dealing with existence – especially with human existence)

existentialism (egzi-stensh-lizm, eksi-) n. Philosophy. A philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. --ex'is-ten'tial-ist adj.

experiential adj. experiential, existential – 1: relating to or resulting from experience; "a personal, experiental reality" 2: derived from experience or the experience of existence; "the rich experiential content of the teachings of the older philosophers"- Benjamin Farrington; "formal logicians are not concerned with existential matters"- John Dewey

facilitate v. ease, alleviate – (make easier; "you could facilitate the process by sharing your knowledge") help, facilitate – (be of use; "This will help to prevent accidents") facilitate – (physiology: increase the likelihood of a response); "The stimulus facilitates a delayed impulse")

fetters n. 1. A chain or shackle for the ankles or feet. 2. Something that serves to restrict; a restraint.

figuratively adv. (in a figurative sense; "figuratively speaking,...") figurative adj. 1. figurative (vs. literal), nonliteral – (used of the meanings of words or text) not literal; using figures of speech; "figurative language") 2. figural, figurative – (consisting of or forming human or animal figures; "a figural design"; "the figurative art of the humanistic tradition"- Herbert Read)

fraternity (fr-turni-te) n.pl. fra-ter-ni-ties. 1. A body of people associated for a common purpose or interest, such as a guild. 2. A group of people joined by similar backgrounds, occupations, interests, or tastes: the fraternity of bird watchers. 3. A chiefly social organization of men students at a college or university, usually designated by Greek letters. 4. The quality or condition of being brothers; brotherliness. [Middle English fraternite, from Old French fraternite, from Latin fraternitas, from fraternus, fraternal.] A pleasant association among people : fellowship, amity, brotherhood, camaraderie, companionship, comradeship, fraternity, amicability, friendliness, friendship. Antonyms: unfriendliness, unsociability, hostility, antagonism. The condition of being friends : friendship, neighborliness, amity, brotherhood, camaraderie, companionship, comradeship, fellowship, fraternity, kinship, sisterhood. Antonyms: animosity, enmity, hostility. A group united by a common purpose or interest : organization, association, club, confederation, congress, federation, fellowship, fraternity, guild, league, order, society, union.

fraternal (fr-turnl) adj. 1. Of or relating to brothers: a close fraternal tie. Showing comradeship; brotherly. 2. Of or constituting a fraternity: a fraternal association. 3. Biology. Of, relating to, or being a twin developed from two separately fertilized ova; dizygotic.[Middle English, from Old French fraternel, from Medieval Latin fraternalis, from Latin fraternus, from frater, brother.] --fra-ter'nal-ism n. --fra-ter'nal-ly adv.

homage n. court, homage – (special honor or respect shown or expressed publicly) (respect or reverential regard; deference; especially, respect paid by external action; obeisance) (respectful deference; "pay court to the emperor") (pay reverence to by external action) Homage, fealty. Homage was originally the act of a feudal tenant by which he declared himself, on his knees, to be the homage or bondman of the lord; hence the term is used to denote reverential submission or respect. Fealty was originally the fidelity of such a tenant to his lord, and hence the term denotes a faithful and solemn adherence to the obligations we owe to superior power or authority. “We pay homage to men of preeminent usefulness and virtue, and profess our fealty to the principles by which they have been guided.”

immanence n. 1. Existing or remaining within; inherent: believed in a God immanent in humans. The condition or quality of being immanent; inherence; an indwelling. 2. Restricted entirely to the mind; subjective.

impinge v. encroach, entrench, trench – (impinge or infringe upon; "This impinges on my rights as an individual"; "This matter entrenches on other domains") 2. encroach, infringe, impinge – (advance beyond the usual limit)

inception (in-sepshn) n. The beginning of something, such as an undertaking; a commencement. Origin. [Middle English incepcion, from Latin inceptio, inception-, from inceptus, past participle of incipere, to begin, take up : in-, in. See IN- + capere, to take.]

indulgence n. 1. indulgence, self-indulgence – (an inability to resist the gratification of whims and desires) 2. indulgence, lenience, leniency – (a disposition to yield to the wishes of someone; "too much indulgence spoils a child") 3. indulgence, indulging, pampering, humoring – (the act of indulging or gratifying a desire) 4. folly, foolery, tomfoolery, craziness, lunacy, indulgence – (foolish or senseless behavior) 5. indulgence – (the remission by the pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is still due for sins even after absolution; "in the Middle Ages the unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners became a widespread abuse")

inherent adj. 1. built-in, constitutional, inbuilt, inherent, integral – (existing as an essential constituent or characteristic; "the Ptolemaic system with its built-in concept of periodicity"; "a constitutional inability to tell the truth") 2. congenital, inborn, innate, inherent – (present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development) 3. implicit in(predicate), inherent, underlying – (in the nature of something though not readily apparent; "shortcomings inherent in our approach"; "an underlying meaning")

innate adj. 1. unconditioned (vs. conditioned), unlearned – (not established by conditioning or learning; "an unconditioned reflex") 2. natural, born (predicate), innate (predicate) – (being talented through inherited qualities; "a natural leader"; "a born musician"; "an innate talent") 3. congenital, inborn, innate, inherent – (present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development)

integral adj. (essential or necessary for completeness; constituent: The kitchen is an integral part of a house) (possessing everything essential; entire) Lacking nothing of completeness; complete; perfect; uninjured; whole; entire. A local motion keepeth bodies integral. – Bacon. Essential to completeness; constituent, as a part; pertaining to, or serving to form, an integer; integrant. Ceasing to do evil, and doing good, are the two great integral parts that complete this duty. – South.

intrudes v. 1. intrude, irrupt – (enter uninvited; "They intruded on our dinner party"; "She irrupted into our sitting room") 2. trespass, intrude – (enter unlawfully on someone's property; "Don't trespass on my land!") 3. intrude, obtrude – (thrust oneself in as if by force; "The colors don't intrude on the viewer")

inveigled v. 1. To win over by coaxing, flattery, or artful talk. 2. To obtain by cajolery: inveigled a free pass to museum. To lure by false representations or other deceit “whoever unlawfully…inveigles, decoys, kidnaps, abducts, or carries away and holds for ransom or reward or otherwise any person…shall be punished by imprisonment” —U.S. Code To lead astray as if blind; to persuade to something evil by deceptive arts or flattery; to entice; to insnare; to seduce; to wheedle, cajole, palaver, blarney, coax, sweet-talk – (influence or urge by urging, caressing, or flattering; "He inveigled her into going along")  (“Yet have they many baits and guileful spells To inveigle and invite the unwary sense.” Milton)

irrevocable adj. (vs. revocable), irrevokable – (impossible to retract or revoke; "firm and irrevocable is my doom"- Shakespeare)

meagerly adv. meager (vs. ample), meagre, meagerly – (deficient in amount or quality or extent; "meager resources"; "meager fare")

oblivious adj. 1. oblivious (predicate), unmindful (predicate) – (followed by ‘to’ or ‘of’) lacking conscious awareness of; "oblivious of the mounting pressures for political reform"; "oblivious to the risks she ran"; "not unmindful of the heavy responsibility") 2. forgetful, oblivious – (failing to keep in mind; "forgetful of her responsibilities"; "oblivious old age")

optional adj. (vs. obligatory) – (possible but not necessary; left to personal choice)

pantheistic adj. 1. Identifying the Deity with the universe and its phenomena; belief in and worship of all gods. The doctrine that the universe, taken or conceived of as a whole, is God; the doctrine that there is no God but the combined force and laws which are manifested in the existing universe; cosmotheism. 2. Worship that admits or tolerates all gods.

paradox n. An assertion or sentiment seemingly contradictory, or opposed to common sense; that which in appearance or terms is absurd, but yet may be true in fact. (logic: a self-contradiction; "`I always lie' is a paradox because if it is true it must be false") 1. A seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true: the paradox that standing is more tiring than walking. 2. One exhibiting inexplicable or contradictory aspects: “The silence of midnight, to speak truly, though apparently a paradox, rung in my ears” (Mary Shelley). 3. An assertion that is essentially self-contradictory, though based on a valid deduction from acceptable premises.

perverse (pr-vurs, purvurs) adj. 1. Directed away from what is right or good; perverted. 2. Obstinately persisting in an error or a fault; wrongly self-willed or stubborn. 3. Marked by a disposition to oppose and contradict. Arising from such a disposition. See Synonyms at contrary. 4. Cranky; peevish. [Middle English pervers, from Old French, from Latin perversus, past participle of pervertere, to pervert.] --per-verse'ly adv. --per-verse'ness n. Morally deviant; perverted. adj. corrupt, depraved, unnatural, immoral, indecent, kinky, perverse, twisted, unwholesome, warped, corrupted. Adhering firmly to an intention or purpose. adj. stubborn, hardheaded, willful, dogmatic, headstrong, inflexible, intractable, intransigent, inveterate, obdurate, obstinate, perverse, pigheaded, unyielding. Antonyms: compliant, easygoing.

petition n. request, petition, postulation – (a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority) 2. prayer, petition, orison – (reverent petition to a deity)

portal (portl, por-) n. 1. A doorway, an entrance, or a gate, especially one that is large and imposing. 2. An entrance or a means of entrance: the local library, a portal of knowledge. 3. The portal vein. adj. 1. Of or relating to the portal vein or the portal system. 2. Of or relating to a point of entrance to an organ, especially the transverse fissure of the liver, through which the blood vessels enter. [Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin portale, city gate, from neuter of portalis, of a gate, from Latin porta, gate, from New Latin porta (hepatis), transverse fissure (of the liver), from Latin, gate.]

posit n (logic) a proposition that is accepted as true in order to provide a basis for logical reasoning [syn: postulate] v 1: put (something somewhere) firmly; "She posited her hand on his shoulder"; "deposit the suitcase on the bench"; "fix your eyes on this spot" [syn: situate, fix, deposit] 2: put before; "I submit to you that the accused is guilty" [syn: submit, state, put forward] 3: take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom; "He posited three basic laws of nature" [syn: postulate] 1. To assume the existence of; postulate. 2. To put forward, as for consideration or study; suggest: “If a book is hard going, it ought to be good. If it posits a complex moral situation, it ought to be even better” (Anthony Burgess). 3. To place firmly in position. To dispose or set firmly or fixedly; to place or dispose in relation to other objects. 2. (Logic) To assume as real or conceded; as, to posit a principle.

postmoral = post + moral. post- pref. 1. After; later: postmillennial. 2. Behind; posterior to: postaxial. [French poste, from Italian posto, from Old Italian, from Vulgar Latin *postum, from Latin positum, neuter past participle of pnere, to place.] + moral adj. 1. Of or concerned with the judgment of the goodness or badness of human action and character: moral scrutiny; a moral quandary. 2. Teaching or exhibiting goodness or correctness of character and behavior: a moral lesson. 3. Conforming to standards of what is right or just in behavior; virtuous: a moral life. 4. Arising from conscience or the sense of right and wrong: a moral obligation. 5. Having psychological rather than physical or tangible effects: a moral victory; moral support. 6. Based on strong likelihood or firm conviction, rather than on the actual evidence: a moral certainty.

predicated v. 1. To base or establish (a statement or action, for example): I predicated my argument on the facts. 2. To state or affirm as an attribute or quality of something: The sermon predicated the perfectibility of humankind. 3. To carry the connotation of; imply. 4. Logic. To make (a term or expression) the predicate of a proposition. 5. To proclaim or assert; declare.

prerogative n. privilege, perquisite, exclusive right – (a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right); "suffrage was the prerogative of white adult males")

procreate v. reproduce, procreate, multiply – (have offspring or young) 1. To beget and conceive (offspring). 2. To produce or create; originate.

render v.tr. ren-dered, ren-der-ing, ren-ders. 1. To submit or present, as for consideration, approval, or payment: render a bill. 2. To give or make available; provide: render assistance. 3. To give what is due or owed: render thanks; rendered homage. 4. To give in return or retribution: He had to render an apology for his rudeness. 5. To surrender or relinquish; yield. 6. To represent in verbal form; depict: "Joyce has attempted ... to render ... what our participation in life is like" (Edmund Wilson). To represent in a drawing or painting, especially in perspective. 7. To perform an interpretation of (a musical piece, for example). 8. To express in another language or form; translate. 9. To deliver or pronounce formally: The jury has rendered its verdict. 10. To cause to become; make: The news rendered her speechless. 11. To reduce, convert, or melt down (fat) by heating. 12. To coat (brick, for example) with plaster or cement. n. A payment in kind, services, or cash from a tenant to a feudal lord. [Middle English rendren, from Old French rendre, to give back, from Vulgar Latin rendere, alteration of Latin reddere (influenced by prendere, to grasp): red-, re-, re- + dare, to give.] --ren'der-a-ble adj. --ren'der-er n. To present a lifelike image of. v. portray, depict, image, mirror, render, represent, reproduce. To state or express again differently. v. reword, restate, rephrase, translate, revise, put another way, put into different words, paraphrase, metaphrase, recast, rewrite, say over, rework, interpret, render, boil down, summarize, recapitulate, recap, rehash, condense. To give up a possession, claim, or right. v. abdicate, abandon, cede, hand over, quitclaim, relinquish, render, renounce, resign, surrender, waive, yield. To create an image or likeness of. v. portray, delineate, depict, limn, picture, render, represent.

revelational adj. revelation n. the act of revealing or disclosing. 1. The act of revealing, disclosing, or discovering to others what was before unknown to them. 2. That which is revealed. 3. (Theol.) (a) The act of revealing divine truth. (b) That which is revealed by God to man.

significance (sig-nifi-kns) n. 1. The state or quality of being significant. Importance. 2. A meaning that is expressed. 3. A covert or implied meaning. See Synonyms at meaning. The quality or state of being important : importance, account, concern, consequence, moment, significance, weight. Antonyms: unimportance, insignificance. The inherent idea imparted or expressed : significance, import, intent, meaning, message, point, purport, sense, drift, intention, gist, essence, heart, main idea, meat, purpose.

significant (sig-nifi-knt) adj. 1. Having or expressing a meaning; meaningful. 2. Having or expressing a covert meaning; suggestive: a significant glance. Expressive. 3. Having or likely to have a major effect; important: a significant change in the tax laws. 4. Fairly large in amount or quantity: significant casualties; no significant opposition. 5. Statistics. Of or relating to observations or occurrences that are too closely correlated to be attributed to chance and therefore indicate a systematic relationship. [Latin significans, significant-, present participle of significare, to signify.] --sig-nif'i-cant-ly adv. Having significance, value, or consequence; important. adj. significant, consequential, grand, great, major, meaningful, momentous, nontrivial, noteworthy, substantial, untrivial, valuable, weighty. Antonyms: insignificant, unimportant, trivial, petty, meaningless, inconsequential, distinctive.

sojourn (sojurn, so-jurn) v. intr. so-journed, so-journ-ing, so-journs. To reside temporarily. n. A temporary stay; a brief period of residence. [Middle English sojournen, from Old French sojorner, from Vulgar Latin subdiurnare: Latin sub-, sub- + Late Latin diurnum, day (from Latin, daily ration, from neuter of diurnus, daily, from dies, day).] --so'journ'er n. Time spent in a place as a guest or lodger: visit, call, residency, sojourn, stay, stop, tenancy. To occupy a place that serves as a residence. v. reside, dwell, domicile, live, make one's home, occupy, room, set up housekeeping, inhabit, take up residence, tenant, lodge, remain, settle, abide, bide, board, put down roots, sojourn, stay. To remain as a guest or lodger. v. lodge, board, domicile, holiday, reside, room, sojourn, stay, stop, tarry, vacation, visit.

sovereignty n 1: government free from external control 2: royal authority; the dominion of a monarch [syn: reign]

spontaneity n : the quality of being spontaneous and coming from natural feelings without constraint; "the spontaneity of his laughter"

substantiate v. 1. confirm, corroborate, sustain, substantiate, support, affirm – (establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; "his story confirmed my doubts"; "The evidence supports the defendant") 2. incarnate, body forth, embody, substantiate – (represent in bodily form; "He embodies all that is evil wrong with the system"; "The painting substantiates the feelings of the artist") 3. realize, realise, actualize, actualise, substantiate – (make real or concrete; give reality or substance to; "our ideas must be substantiated into actions") 4. substantiate – (solidify, firm, or strengthen; "The president's trip will substantiate good relations with the former enemy country")

substantiation n. The act of substantiating or proving; evidence; proof.

supernal adj. 1. supernal (vs. infernal) – (being or coming from on high; "interpret the plague as a visitation from heaven, a supernal punishment for the sins of men") 2. celestial, ethereal, supernal – (of heaven or the spirit; "celestial peace"; "ethereal melodies"; "the supernal happiness of a quiet death")

supplications n. 1. invocation, supplication – (a prayer asking God's help as part of a religious service) 2. supplication, plea – (a humble request for help from someone in authority) 3. prayer, supplication – (the act of communicating with a deity (especially as a petition or in adoration or contrition or thanksgiving); "the priest sank to his knees in prayer")

transcendence n. a state of being or existence above and beyond the limits of material experience [syn: transcendency] 2: the state of excelling or surpassing or going beyond usual limits [syn: transcendency, superiority] transcendent adj. 1. Surpassing others; preeminent or supreme. 2. Lying beyond the ordinary range of perception. 3. Philosophy. 1. Transcending the Aristotelian categories. 2. In Kant's theory of knowledge, being beyond the limits of experience and hence unknowable. 4. Religion. Being above and independent of the material universe. Used of the Deity.

transcendent adj. unknowable – (beyond and outside the ordinary range of human experience or understanding; "philosophers...often explicitly reject the notion of any transcendent reality beyond thought...and claim to be concerned only with thought itself..."- W.P.Alston; "the unknowable mysteries of lifer") surpassing – (exceeding or surpassing usual limits especially in excellence)

veneration adj. reverence, awe, devotion, profound respect – (the highest degree of respect and reverence; respect mingled with awe; a feeling or sentimental excited by the dignity, wisdom, or superiority of a person, by sacredness of character, by consecration to sacred services, or by hallowed associations) (a profound emotion inspired by a deity; "the veneration of God") (religious zeal; willingness to serve God)

vindicate (vindi-kat) v. tr. vin-di-cat-ed, vin-di-cat-ing, vin-di-cates. 1. To clear of accusation, blame, suspicion, or doubt with supporting arguments or proof: "Our society permits people to sue for libel so that they may vindicate their reputations" (Irving R. Kaufman). 2. To provide justification or support for: vindicate one's claim. 3. To justify or prove the worth of, especially in light of later developments. 4. To defend, maintain, or insist on the recognition of (one's rights, for example). 5. To exact revenge for; avenge. [Latin vindicare, vindicat-, from vindex, vindic-, surety, avenger.] --vin'di-ca'tor n. To support against arguments, attack, or criticism. v.champion, advocate, back, defend, espouse, fight for, go to bat for, justify, prove, stand by, substantiate, support, vindicate. Antonyms: oppose. To free from a charge or imputation of guilt. v. absolve, acquit, cleanse, clear, exculpate, excuse, exonerate, forgive, pardon, purgelaw, vindicate. Antonyms: convict. To make allowance for. v. excuse, dismiss, let off the hook, overlook, condone, justify, defend, vindicate, pardon.