Vocabulary in Paper 8
absolute adj. 1. Perfect in quality or nature; complete. 2. Not mixed; pure. 3. Not limited by restrictions or exceptions; unconditional: absolute trust. Unqualified in extent or degree; total; final and not liable to modification: absolute silence. 4. Unconstrained by constitutional or other provisions; free from qualification, condition, exception, or restriction: an absolute ruler. 5. Not to be doubted or questioned; positive: absolute proof. (Philosophy.) 1. Something regarded as the ultimate basis of all thought and being. 2. Something regarded as independent of and unrelated to anything else.
actuality n. The state or fact of being actual; reality. Existence. Actual conditions or facts.
adequate adj 1: (sometimes followed by “to”) meeting the requirements especially of a task; "she had adequate training"; "her training was adequate"; "she was adequate to the job" [ant: inadequate] 2: enough to meet a purpose; "an adequate income"; "the food was adequate"; "a decent wage"; "enough food"; "food enough" [syn: decent, enough] 3: about average; acceptable; "more than adequate as a secretary" [syn: passable, fair to middling] Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition. Syn: Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable; competent; capable.
astir adj. Moving about; being in motion. Stirring; in a state of activity or motion.
attenuations n. The act or process of making slender, or the state of being slender; emaciation. 2. The act of attenuating; the act of making thin or less dense, or of rarefying, as fluids or gases. 3. The process of weakening in intensity; diminution of virulence; as, the attenuation of virus. 4. A dilution, thinning, or weakening of a substance; a lessening of the amount, force, or magnitude of something; weakening in force or intensity; "attenuation in the volume of the sound" [syn: fading] specifically: a weakening of the connection between an illegal police procedure and the evidence obtained by it such that the evidence is admissible at trial as an exception to the exclusionary rule or a reduction in the virulence of a pathogen through repeated inoculation, growth in a different culture medium, or exposure to heat, light, air or other weakening agents or the energy loss of an ultrasonic beam as it passes through a material. (Communications) The progressive reduction in amplitude of a signal as it travels farther from the point of origin. For example, an electric signal”s amplitude reduces with distance due to electrical impedance. Attenuation is usually measured in decibels [per metre]. Attenuation does not imply appreciable modification of the shape of the waveform (distortion), though as the signal amplitude falls the signal-to-noise ratio will also fall unless the channel itself is noise free or the signal is amplified at some intermediate point(s) along the channel.
awe n. 1. A mixed emotion of reverence, respect, dread, and wonder inspired by authority, genius, great beauty, sublimity, or might: We felt awe when contemplating the works of Bach. The imprisoned soldiers were in awe of their captors. 2. Archaic. The power to inspire dread. Dread.v. tr. awed, aw-ing, awes. To inspire with awe. [Middle English, from Old Norse agi.] A feeling of regard : respect, esteem, admiration, awe, reverence, veneration, appreciation, affection, deference. Antonyms: disrespect, disregard. The emotion aroused by something awe-inspiring or astounding : wonder, admiration, amazement, astonishment, awe, fascination, stupefaction, surprise, shock, wonderment. Antonyms: apathy, unconcern, indifference, boredom. To fill with wonder, awe, or astonishment. v. astound, dumbfound, dumfound, amaze, astonish, awe, bedazzle, blow one's mind (slang), bowl over, dazzle, flabbergast, floor, knock out, overwhelm, stun, surprise, take aback. To fill with consternation or fear. v. alarm, distress, awe, overawe, appall, dismay, consternate, agitate, cow, menace, daunt, frighten, scare, scare stiff, terrify, terrorize, paralyze, spook, panic, petrify, horrify, appall. Antonyms: calm, soothe, comfort, reassure.
awful (ofl) adj. 1. Extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible: had an awful day at the office. 2. Commanding awe: "this sea, whose gently awful stirrings seem to speak of some hidden soul beneath" (Herman Melville). 3. Filled with awe, especially: Filled with or displaying great reverence. Obsolete. Afraid. 4. Formidable in nature or extent: an awful burden; an awful risk. adv. Informal. Extremely; very: was awful sick. [Middle English aweful, awe-inspiring, blend of awe, awe. ayfull, awful (from Old English egefull : ege, dread + -full, -ful).] --aw'ful-ly adv. --aw'ful-ness n Arousing fear, horror, or loathing. adj. alarming, dreadful, scary, fearsome, frightening, terrifying, weird, eldritch, dire, direful, awful, appalling, terrific, horrendous, shocking, terrible, frightful, disgusting, odious, revolting, hideous, loathsome, repulsive, nightmarish, monstrous, horrific, horrible, grisly, ghastly, gruesome, macabre, morbid, atrocious, brutish, grotesque, ghoulish, hateful, horrid. Antonyms: appealing, pleasant, attractive, lovely. Shockingly evil, frightening, or ugly. adj. abominable, heinous, abhorrent, bestial, odious, horrible, horrid, horrific, hideous, bloodcurdling, monstrous, gruesome, freakish, frightful, grotesque, terrifying, dreadful, scary, shocking, bizarre, appalling, awful. Antonyms: pleasant, pleasing, attractive, inviting, delightful, charming, agreeable, lovely. To a high degree. adv. quite, rather, really, very, awfully, extra, too, particularly, especially, specially, considerably, highly, remarkably, enormously, exceedingly, exceptionally, extraordinarily, extremely, immensely, tremendously, mighty (dialect), jolly (British), awful, darned, damned, hellishly. Antonyms: slightly, hardly, negligibly.
coeternal adj. Equally or jointly eternal. Hail, holy Light, offspring of Heaven first born! Or of the Eternal coeternal beam. – Milton.
cognizant adj. Fully informed; conscious, aware. Having knowledge or understanding; "our youth are cognizant of the law."
concept n. Something conceived in the mind; an abstract or generic idea generalized from particular instances. An abstract general conception; a notion; a universal. A general idea derived or inferred from specific instances or occurrences. Something formed in the mind; a thought or notion.
concurrently adv. With concurrence; unitedly; overlapping in duration; "concurrently with the conference an exhibition of things associated with Rutherford was held"; "going to school and holding a job at the same time" [syn: at the same time] concurrent adj. 1. Happening at the same time as something else; contemporary. 2. Operating or acting in conjunction with another. 3. Meeting or tending to meet at the same point; convergent. 4. Being in accordance; harmonious.
condescension n. Patronizingly superior behavior or attitude; the trait of displaying arrogance by patronizing those considered inferior [syn: superciliousness, disdainfulness] 2: a communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient [syn: disdain, patronage] 3: affability to your inferiors and temporary disregard for differences of position or rank; "the queen”s condescension was intended to make us feel comfortable" [syn: condescendingness] Syn: Complaisance; courtesy; affability.
conjoint adj. 1. Joined together; combined: “social order and prosperity, the conjoint aims of government” (John K. Fairbank). 2. Of, consisting of, or involving two or more combined or associated entities; joint. United; connected; associated.
constancy (konstn-se) n. 1. Steadfastness, as in purpose or affection; faithfulness. 2. The condition or quality of being constant; changelessness. Faithfulness or devotion : fidelity, allegiance, constancy, dedication, fealty, devotedness, loyalty, steadfastness. The quality of being constant in character : permanence, constancy, dependability, reliability, stability, durability. Antonyms: instability, impermanence, inconstancy.
covenant n. 1. A binding agreement; a compact; an official agreement or bargain. 2. (Law) A formal sealed agreement or contract. 3. (Bible) God's promise to the human race.
crystallized adj. 1. Having become fixed and definite in form; "distinguish between crystallized and uncrystallized opinion" To give a definite, precise, and usually permanent form to: The scientists finally crystallized their ideas about the role of the protein. 2. To coat with crystals, as of sugar.
cycle n. 1. An interval of time during which a characteristic, often regularly repeated event or sequence of events occurs; a recurring series of events: as a series of stages through which an organism tends to pass once in a fixed order: the common cycle of birth, growth, senescence and death. 2. A single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon; one complete performance of a vibration, electric oscillation, current alternation, or other periodic process 3. A periodically repeated sequence of events; a series of stages through which a substance tends to pass and which usually leads back to the starting point.
delegates v. To transfer responsibility or authority; to authorize and send (another person) as one”s representative. To commit or entrust to another: delegate a task to a subordinate. to entrust or transfer (as power, authority, or responsibility) to another: as a : to transfer (one's contractual duties) to another; to appoint as one's representative b : to empower a body (as an administrative agency) to perform (a governmental function)
devising v. To form in the mind by new combinations of ideas, new applications of principles, or new arrangement of parts; to formulate by thought; to contrive; to excogitate; to invent; to plan; to scheme; as, to devise an engine, a new mode of writing, a plan of defense, or an argument. To devise curious works. – Ex. CCTV. 32. Devising schemes to realize his ambitious views. – Bancroft. 2. To plan or scheme for; to purpose to obtain. For wisdom is most riches; fools therefore They are which fortunes do by vows devise. – Spenser. 3. To say; to relate; to describe. [Obs.] – Chaucer. 4. To imagine; to guess. [Obs.] 5. (Law) To give (property) by will; used of real estate; formerly, also, of chattels. Syn: To bequeath; invent; discover; contrive; excogitate; imagine; plan; scheme. (Etymology: Anglo-French deviser to divide, share, bequeath, ultimately from Latin dividere to divide).
devolves v. 1. To pass on or delegate to another: The senator devolved the duties of office upon a group of aides. 2. Archaic. To cause to roll onward or downward. v. intr. 1. To be passed on or transferred to another: The burden of proof devolved upon the defendant. The estate devolved to an unlikely heir. 2. To degenerate or deteriorate gradually: After several hours the discussion had devolved into a shouting match.
diffused adj. Widely spread or scattered; not concentrated. To pour out and cause to spread, as a fluid; to cause to flow on all sides; to send out, or extend, in all directions; to spread; to circulate; to disseminate; to scatter; as to diffuse information. Thence diffuse His good to worlds and ages infinite. – Milton. We find this knowledge diffused among all civilized nations. – Whewell. Syn: To expand; spread; circulate; extend; scatter; disperse; publish; proclaim. Spread abroad; dispersed; loose; flowing. (of light rays) subjected to scattering by reflection from a rough surface or transmission through a translucent material; "diffused light" (of light) not bright or glaring; "a softer diffused radiance" [syn: softened]
diminishing adj. 1. To make smaller in any manner; to reduce in bulk or amount; to lessen; – opposed to augment or increase. Not diminish, but rather increase, the debt. 2. To lessen the authority or dignity of; to put down; to degrade; to abase; to weaken. I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations. – Ezek. xxix. 15. O thou . . . at whose sight all the stars Hide their diminished heads. – Milton. 3. (Mus.) To make smaller by a half step; to make (an interval) less than minor; as, a diminished seventh. 4. To take away; to subtract. Neither shall ye diminish aught from it.– Deut. iv.2.
discern v. To perceive with the eyes or intellect; detect. To recognize or comprehend mentally. To perceive or recognize as being different or distinct; distinguish. To see or understand the difference; to make distinction; as, to discern between good and evil, truth and falsehood. More than six-score thousand that cannot discern between their right hand their left. – Jonah iv. 11.
diverse adj. Differing one from another. Made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements: different; unlike; dissimilar; distinct; separate. Our roads are diverse: farewell, love! said she. – R. Browning. 2. Capable of various forms; multiform. Eloquence is a great and diverse thing. – B. Jonson.
divinity n. The state of being divine; the nature or essence of God; deity; godhead. 2. The Deity; the Supreme Being; God. This the divinity that within us. – Addison. 3. Something divine or superhuman; supernatural power or virtue; something which inspires awe. There's such divinity doth hedge a king. – Shak. 4. The science of divine things; the science which treats of God, his laws and moral government, and the way of salvation; theology. Divinity is essentially the first of the professions. – Coleridge.
effective adj. Producing a decided, decisive, claimed, or desired effect 1. Having an intended or expected effect; producing a strong impression or response; striking: gave an effective performance as Othello. 2. Operative; in effect: The law is effective immediately. 3. Existing in fact; actual: a decline in the effective demand. 4. Prepared for use or action, especially in warfare.
encircuitment n. en- pref. + circuit: the complete path (of an electric current) including usually the source of (electric) energy + -ment suff. 1. Action; process: appeasement. 2. Result of an action or process: advancement. 3. Means, instrument, or agent of an action or process: adornment.
en- pref. 1. To put into or onto: encapsulate. In; into; within: enzootic. 2. To go into or onto: enplane. 3. To cover or provide with: enrobe. 4. To cause to be: endear. 5. Thoroughly. It is sometimes used to give a causal force, as in enable, enfeeble, to cause to be, or to make, able, or feeble; and sometimes merely gives an intensive force, used as an intensive: entangle, enchasten.
endowed v. To enrich or furnish with anything of the nature of a gift (as a quality or faculty); – followed by with, as, man is endowed by his Maker with reason; to endow with privileges or benefits. To imagine as having a usually favorable trait or quality; provided or supplied or equipped with (especially as by inheritance or nature); "a well-endowed college"; "endowed with good eyesight"; "endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights."
ensues v. To follow as a consequence or result; to take place subsequently. To follow or come afterward; to follow as a consequence or in chronological succession; to result; as, an ensuing conclusion or effect; the year ensuing was a cold one. So spoke the Dame, but no applause ensued. – Pope. Syn: To follow; pursue; succeed.
enshrouds v. To cover with or as if with a shroud: Clouds enshrouded the summit.
envisage v. 1. To conceive an image or a picture of, especially as a future possibility: envisaged a world at peace. 2. To consider or regard in a certain way. To look in the face of; to apprehend; to regard; to form a mental image of something that is not present or that is not yet the case.
eruption n. 1. The act of breaking out or bursting forth; as: (a) A violent throwing out of flames, lava, etc., as from a volcano of a fissure in the earths crust. (b) A sudden and overwhelming hostile movement of armed men from one country to another. – Milton. (c) A violent commotion. All Paris was quiet . . . to gather fresh strength for the next day”s eruption. – W. Irving. 2. That which bursts forth. 3. A violent exclamation; ejaculation.
eternalizes eternalized v. To make eternal. To make famous for ever. [syn: immortalize]
exalting v. 1. To raise high; to elevate; to lift up; to raise in rank, character, or status. I will exalt my throne above the stars of God. – (Is.xiv.13) Exalt thy towery head, and lift thine eyes – (Pope) 2. To elevate in rank, dignity, power, wealth, character, or the like; to dignify; to promote; as, to exalt a prince to the throne, a citizen to the presidency. Righteousness exalteth a nation. – (Prov. xiv.34) He that humbleth himself shall be exalted. – (Luke xiv.11) 3. To glorify, praise, or honor. To elevate by praise or estimation; to magnify; to extol. “Exalt ye the Lord.” – (Ps. xcix.5) In his own grace he doth exalt himself. – Shak. 4. To lift up with joy, pride, or success; to inspire with delight or satisfaction; to elate. They who thought they got whatsoever he lost were mightily exalted. – (Dryden) 5. To elevate the tone of, as of the voice or a musical instrument. – Is. xxxvii.23. Now Mars, she said, let Fame exalt her voice. – (Prior) 6. To increase the effect or intensity of; heighten. (Alchem.) To render pure or refined; to intensify or concentrate; as, to exalt the juices of bodies. With chemic art exalts the mineral powers. – (Pope) (Obsolete.) To fill with sublime emotion; elate.
exclusive adj 1: being independent from or not shared by others; not divided or shared with others; "they have exclusive use of the machine"; "sole rights of publication" [syn: sole] 2: limiting or limited to possession, ownership, or use; excluding much or all; especially all but a particular group or minority; "exclusive clubs"; "an exclusive restaurants and shops" [ant: inclusive] 3: not divided among or brought to bear on more than one object or objective; "gained their exclusive attention" [syn: single, undivided]
execution n. 1. The act of executing; a carrying into effect or to completion; performance; achievement; consummation; as, the execution of a plan, a work, etc. The excellence of the subject contributed much to the happiness of the execution. – Dryden. 2. A putting to death as a legal penalty; death lawfully inflicted; as, the execution of a murderer. A warrant for his execution. – Shak. 3. The act of the mode of performing a work of art, of performing on an instrument, of engraving, etc.; as, the execution of a statue, painting, or piece of music. The first quality of execution is truth. – Ruskin. 4. (Law) (a) The carrying into effect the judgment given in a court of law. (b) A judicial writ by which an officer is empowered to carry a judgment into effect; final process. (c) The act of signing, and delivering a legal instrument, or giving it the forms required to render it valid; as, the execution of a deed, or a will. 5. That which is executed or accomplished; effect; effective work; – usually with do. To do some fatal execution. – Shak.
executive n. 1. A person or group having administrative or managerial authority in an organization. 2. The chief officer of a government, state, or political division. 3. The branch of government charged with putting into effect a country”s laws and the administering of its functions. adj. Designed or fitted for execution, or carrying into effect; as, executive talent; qualifying for, concerned with, or pertaining to, the execution of the laws or the conduct of affairs; as, executive power or authority; executive duties, officer, department, etc. Note: In government, executive is distinguished from legislative and judicial; legislative being applied to the organ or organs of government which make the laws; judicial, to that which interprets and applies the laws; executive, to that which carries them into effect or secures their due performance.
existent adj. Having life or being; existing; real. Occurring or present at the moment; current. Having being or existence; existing; being; occurring now; taking place. The eyes and mind are fastened on objects which have no real being, as if they were truly existent. – Dryden.
existential adj. 1. Of, relating to, or dealing with existence. 2. Based on experience; empirical. 3. Of or as conceived by existentialism or existentialists: an existential moment of choice.
exquisitely adv. In an exquisite manner or degree; as, lace exquisitely wrought. adj. 1. Characterized by intricate and beautiful design or execution: an exquisite chalice. 2. Of such beauty or delicacy as to arouse intense delight: an exquisite sunset. See Synonyms at delicate. 3. Excellent; flawless: plays the piano with exquisite technique. 4. Acutely perceptive or discriminating. 5. Intense; keen. To a sensitive observer there was something exquisitely painful in it. – Hawthorne.
fiat n. 1. An arbitrary order or decree. 2. Authorization or sanction: government fiat; an authoritative but arbitrary order; a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge).
foster (fostr, fostr) v. tr. fos-tered, fos-ter-ing, fos-ters. 1. To bring up; nurture: bear and foster offspring. 2. To promote the growth and development of; cultivate: detect and foster artistic talent. Advance. 3. To nurse; cherish: foster a secret hope. adj. 1. Providing parental care and nurture to children not related through legal or blood ties: foster parents; foster grandparents; a foster home. 2. Receiving parental care and nurture from those not related to one through legal or blood ties: foster children. [Middle English fostren, from Old English fostrian, to nourish, from fostor, food, nourishing.] To have the care and supervision of. v. tend, attend, foster, look after, mind, sit with, superintend, supervise, watch, care for, watch over. Antonyms: neglect, ignore. To assume parental responsibility for. v. adopt, foster, take in.
hypothetical adj. 1. Of, relating to, or based on a hypothesis: a hypothetical situation; theoretical. 2. Suppositional; uncertain; conditional; contingent. Characterized by, or of the nature of, an hypothesis; assumed without proof, for the purpose of reasoning and deducing proof, or of accounting for some fact or phenomenon. “Causes hypothetical at least, if not real, for the various phenomena of the existence of which our experience informs us.” – Sir W. Hamilton.
immersed v. 1. To cover completely in a liquid; submerge. To plunge into anything that surrounds or covers, especially into a fluid; to dip; to sink; to bury; to immerge. Deep immersed beneath its whirling wave. – J Warton. More than a mile immersed within the wood. – Dryden. 2. To baptize by submerging in water. 3. To engage wholly or deeply; absorb: scholars who immerse themselves in their subjects. To engross the attention of; to involve; to overwhelm. The queen immersed in such a trance. – Tennyson. It is impossible to have a lively hope in another life, and yet be deeply immersed inn the enjoyments of this. – Atterbury.
incessant adj. Continuing without interruption; continual. Continuing or following without interruption; unceasing; unitermitted; uninterrupted; continual; as, incessant clamors; incessant pain, etc. Against the castle gate, . . . Which with incessant force and endless hate, They batter'd day and night and entrance did await. – Spenser. Syn: Unceasing; uninterrupted; unintermitted; unremitting; ceaseless; continual; constant; perpetual.
indigenous adj. 1. Originating and living or occurring naturally in an area or environment; native; having originated in and being produced, growing, or living naturally in a particular region or environment 2. Intrinsic; innate.
inherent adj. Existing as an essential constituent or characteristic; intrinsic. Occurring as a natural part or consequence. Involved in the constitution or essential character of something : belonging by nature “an infant's inherent ability to learn to walk.” Permanently existing in something; inseparably attached or connected; naturally pertaining to; innate; inalienable; as, polarity is an inherent quality of the magnet; the inherent right of men to life, liberty, and protection. “A most inherent baseness.” – Shak. The sore disease which seems inherent in civilization. – Southey. Syn: Innate; inborn; native; natural; inbred; inwrought; inseparable; essential; indispensable.
inter- pref. A prefix signifying among, between, amid; as, interact, interarticular, intermit. 1. Between; among: international, interdental. 2. In the midst of; within: intertropical, interoceptor. 3. Mutual; mutually: interrelate. 4. Reciprocal; reciprocally: intermingle.
invalidating v. To make or render invalid; nullify. To weaken or lessen the force of; to destroy the authority of; to render of no force or effect; to overthrow; as, to invalidate an agreement or argument.
legions n. 1. (Military). A large military unit trained for combat; an army. The major unit of the Roman army consisting of 3,000 to 6,000 infantry troops and 100 to 200 cavalry troops. A regiment of the Roman army, the number of men composing which differed at different times. It originally consisted of three thousand men, but in the time of Christ consisted of six thousand, exclusive of horsemen, who were in number a tenth of the foot-men. 2. A large number; a multitude. The word is used (Matt. 26:53; Mark 5:9) to express simply a great multitude. (Easton”s Bible Dictionary).
manifold adj. 1. Many and varied; of many kinds; multiple: our manifold failings. Having many features or forms; various in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied; complicated. O Lord, how manifold are thy works! – Ps. civ.24. I know your manifold transgressions. – Amos v.12. 2. Exhibited at divers times or in various ways; – used to qualify nouns in the singular number. “The manifold wisdom of God.” – (Eph. iii.10) “The manifold grace of God.” – (1 Pet. iv.10) 3. Being such for a variety of reasons: a manifold traitor.
meager adj. 1. Deficient in quantity, fullness, or extent; scanty. 2. Deficient in richness, fertility, or vigor; feeble; destitute of richness, fertility, strength, or the like; defective in quantity, or poor in quality; poor; barren: the meager soil of an eroded plain. 3. Destitute of, or having little, flesh; lean. Meager were his looks; Sharp misery had worn him to the bones. – Shak. 4. Scanty in ideas; wanting strength of diction or affluence of imagery. Of secular habits and meager religious belief. – I. Taylor. His education had been but meager. – Motley. Syn: Thin; lean; lank; gaunt; starved; hungry; poor; emaciated; scanty; barren.
minister to v. To attend to the wants and needs of others. To furnish or apply; to afford; to supply; to administer. He that ministereth seed to the sower. – (2 Cor. ix.10) To act as a servant, attendant, or agent; to attend and serve; to perform service in any office, sacred or secular. The Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister. – (Matt. xx. 28) 2. To supply or to things needful; esp., to supply consolation or remedies. Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased? – Shak.
omnipresence adj. Present everywhere simultaneously. Presence in every place at the same time; unbounded or universal presence; ubiquity. His omnipresence fills Land, sea, and air, and every kind that lives. – Milton. The state of being everywhere at once (or seeming to be everywhere at once) [syn: ubiquity, ubiquitousness].
omnipresent adj. Present everywhere simultaneously; being present everywhere at once; present in all places at the same time; ubiquitous; being present everywhere at once; as, the omnipresent Jehovah. [syn: ubiquitous].
panorama n. 1. A complete view in every direction. An unbroken view of an entire surrounding area. A picture presenting a view of objects in every direction, as from a central point. 2. A comprehensive presentation; a survey: a panorama of American literature. 3. A picture or series of pictures representing a continuous scene, often exhibited a part at a time by being unrolled and passed before the spectator. A picture representing scenes too extended to be beheld at once, and so exhibited a part at a time, by being unrolled, and made to pass continuously before the spectator. 4. A mental vision of a series of events. [syn: view, aspect, prospect, scene, vista] [syn: cyclorama, diorama]
personalization n. To attribute human or personal qualities to; personify.
personification n. A person or thing typifying a certain quality or idea; an embodiment or exemplification; a person who represents an abstract quality; "she is the personification of optimism."
pertains v. 1. To have reference; relate: evidence that pertains to the accident. 2. To belong as an adjunct, part, holding, or quality. 3. To be fitting or suitable. To belong; to have connection with, or dependence on, something, as an appurtenance, attribute, etc.; to appertain; as, saltness pertains to the ocean; flowers pertain to plant life. Men hate those who affect that honor by ambition which pertaineth not to them. – Hayward. 2. To have relation or reference to something. These words pertain unto us at this time as they pertained to them at their time. – Latimer.
phenomenon n. n.pl. phenomena An occurrence, a circumstance, or a fact that is perceptible by the senses. An unusual, significant, or unaccountable fact or occurrence; a marvel. Extraordinary things, occurrences, or persons; remarkable or outstanding; a paragon, a wonder. That which strikes one as strange, unusual, or unaccountable; an extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence; as, a musical phenomenon.
ponder v. To reflect or consider, to weigh in the mind, with thoroughness and care; to view with deliberation; to examine carefully; to consider attentively. Ponder the path of thy feet. – Prov. iv. 26. [Usage: To consider means to view or contemplate with fixed thought. To ponder is to dwell upon with long and anxious attention, with a view to some practical result or decision. To muse is simply to think upon continuously with no definite object, or for the pleasure it gives. We consider any subject which is fairly brought before us; we ponder a concern involving great interests; we muse on the events of childhood.]
portray v. 1. To depict or represent pictorially; make a picture of. To paint or draw the likeness of; to adorn with pictures. Spear and helmets thronged, and shields Various with boastful arguments potrayed. – (Milton) Take a tile, and lay it before thee, and portray upon it the city, even Jerusalem. – (Ezek. iv.1) 2. To depict or describe in words. 3. To represent dramatically, as on the stage. portrayal n.
postulates n. 1. Something assumed without proof as being self-evident or generally accepted, especially when used as a basis for an argument: “the postulate that there is little moral difference between the superpowers” (Henry A. Kissinger). 2. A fundamental element; a basic principle. 3. Mathematics. An axiom. 4. A requirement; a prerequisite. postulate v. To make claim for; demand. To assume or assert the truth, reality, or necessity of, especially as a basis of an argument. To assume as a premise or axiom; take for granted.
potential adj. 1. Capable of being but not yet in existence; latent: a potential problem. 2. Having possibility, capability, or power; existing in possibility; capable of development into actuality.
qualification n. 1. The act of qualifying or the condition of being qualified. 2. A quality, ability, or accomplishment that makes a person suitable for a particular position or task; that which qualifies; any natural endowment, or any acquirement, which fits a person for a place, office, or employment, or which enables him to sustain any character with success; an enabling quality or circumstance; requisite capacity or possession. “There is no qualification for government but virtue and wisdom, actual or presumptive.” 3. A condition or circumstance that must be met or complied with: fulfilled the qualifications for registering to vote in the presidential election. 4. A restriction or modification: an offer with a number of qualifications. The act of limiting, or the state of being limited; that which qualifies by limiting; modification; restriction; hence, abatement; diminution; as, to use words without any qualification.
revelation n. An uncovering, a bringing to light of that which had been previously wholly hidden or only obscurely seen. God has been pleased in various ways and at different times (Heb. 1:1) to make a supernatural revelation of himself and his purposes and plans, which, under the guidance of his Spirit, has been committed to writing. The Scriptures are not merely the "record" of revelation; they are the revelation itself in a written form, in order to the accurate preservation and propagation of the truth. Revelation and inspiration differ. Revelation is the supernatural communication of truth to the mind; inspiration secures to the teacher or writer infallibility in communicating that truth to others. It renders its subject the spokesman or prophet of God in such a sense that everything he asserts to be true, whether fact or doctrine or moral principle, is true, infallibly true. (Easton's Bible Dictionary) The act of revealing, disclosing, or discovering to others what was before unknown to them. That which is revealed. (Theol.) (a) The act of revealing divine truth. (b) That which is revealed by God to man; esp., the Bible. By revelation he made known unto me the mystery, as I wrote afore in few words. – Eph. iii. 3.
sequential adj. 1. Forming or characterized by a sequence, as of units or musical notes. 2. Sequent; in regular succession without gaps; "serial concerts" [syn: consecutive, sequent, serial, successive]
stupendous adj. So great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe. Of astounding force, volume, degree, or excellence; marvelous. Amazingly large or great; huge; enormous. Astonishing; wonderful; amazing; especially, astonishing in magnitude or elevation; as, a stupendous pile. “A stupendous sum.” – Macaulay. All are but parts of one stupendous whole. – Pope
subsequently adv. At a later time; afterwards. subsequent adj. Following in time or order; succeeding. Happening at a time subsequent to a reference time; "he apologized subsequently" [syn: later, afterwards, afterward, after, later on]
substantiate v. 1. To support with proof or evidence; verify: substantiate an accusation; confirm. To establish the existence or truth of by proof or competent evidence; to verify; as, to substantiate a charge or allegation; to substantiate a declaration. Observation is, in turn, wanted to direct and substantiate the course of experiment. – Coleridge. 2. To give material form to; embody; to make firm or solid. 3. To give substance to; make real or actual; to make to exist.
supreme adj. 1. Greatest in power, authority, or rank; paramount or dominant. 2. Greatest in importance, degree, significance, character, or achievement. 3. Ultimate; final: the supreme sacrifice.
sustain (s-stan) v. tr. sus-tained, sus-tain-ing, sus-tains. 1. To keep in existence; maintain. 2. To supply with necessities or nourishment; provide for. 3. To support from below; keep from falling or sinking; prop. 4. To support the spirits, vitality, or resolution of; encourage. 5. To bear up under; withstand: can't sustain the blistering heat. 6. To experience or suffer: sustained a fatal injury. See Synonyms at experience. 7. To affirm the validity of: The judge has sustained the prosecutor's objection. 8. To prove or corroborate; confirm. 9. To keep up (a joke or an assumed role, for example) competently. [Middle English sustenen, from Old French sustenir, from Latin sustinere : sub-, from below + tenere, to hold] --sus-tain'a-bil'i-ty n. --sus-tain'a-ble adj. --sus-tain'er n. --sus-tain'ment n. To work and care for. v. attend, feed, look after, minister to, maintain, parent, nurse, provide for, serve, service, support, sustain, wait upon, keep, nourish, nurture, take care of. To keep from yielding or failing during stress or difficulty. v. buttress, aid, assist, back up, bolster, brace, buoy up, carry, fortify, hearten, help, hold up, prop, reinforce, shore up, steady, strengthen, support, sustain. To make stable. v. stabilize, brace, hold fast, level, steady, support, prop, sustain, poise. Antonyms: destabilize. To provide nourishment. v. nourish, fertilize, feed, compost, manure, mulch, nurse, nurture, suckle, breast-feed, sustain, victual, enrich. Antonyms: starve, undernourish. To last or continue to exist. v. endure, abide, hang on, linger, live on, persist, remain, stand up, stay, wear, sustain, withstand, tolerate, stomach, carry on, go on, hold, keep on.
testifies v. 1. To make a solemn declaration, verbal or written, to establish some fact; to give testimony for the purpose of communicating to others a knowledge of something not known to them. Jesus . . . needed not that any should testify of man, for he knew what was in man. – (John ii.25) 2. (Law) To make a solemn declaration under oath or affirmation, for the purpose of establishing, or making proof of, some fact to a court; to give testimony in a cause depending before a tribunal. One witness shall not testify against any person to cause him to die. – (Num. xxxv.30) 3. To declare a charge; to protest; to give information; to bear witness; – with against. O Israel, . . . I will testify against thee. – (Ps. l.7) I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals. – (Neh.xiii.15)
transaction n. 1 : something transacted; especially : an exchange or transfer of goods, services, or funds 2 a : an act, process, or instance of transacting b : an action or activity involving two parties or things that reciprocally affect or influence each other. 1. The doing or performing of any business; management of any affair; performance. 2. That which is done; an affair; as, the transactions on the exchange.
transcendental adj. 1: existing outside of or not in accordance with nature; "find transcendental motives for sublunary action" – Aldous Huxley [syn: nonnatural, otherworldly, preternatural] 2: of or characteristic of a system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual about the empirical and material. Philosophy. (a). Concerned with the a priori or intuitive basis of knowledge as independent of experience. (b). Asserting a fundamental irrationality or supernatural element in experience. Surpassing all others; superior. Beyond common thought or experience; mystical or supernatural.
ultimate adj. Farthest; most remote in space or time; extreme; last; final. My harbor, and my ultimate repose. – Milton. Many actions apt to procure fame are not conductive to this our ultimate happiness. – Addison. 2. Last in a train of progression or consequences; tended toward by all that precedes; arrived at, as the last result; final. Those ultimate truths and those universal laws of thought which we can not rationally contradict. – Coleridge. 3. Incapable of further analysis; incapable of further division or separation; constituent; elemental; as, an ultimate constituent of matter. (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles.
unsearchable adj. Beyond search or investigation; inscrutable. Not searchable; inscrutable; hidden; mysterious. The counsels of God are to us unsearchable.
untold adj. 1. Not told or revealed: untold secrets. 2. Beyond description or enumeration; of an incalculable amount: untold suffering. Not numbered or counted.
vaults n. 1. An arched structure, usually of masonry or concrete, serving to cover a space. 2. An arched overhead covering, such as the sky, that resembles the architectural structure in form. 3. A room or space, such as a cellar or storeroom, with arched walls and ceiling, especially when underground. 4. A room or compartment, often built of steel, for the safekeeping of valuables: a bank vault.